has eaten vs. had eaten

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has eaten vs. had eaten

Postby reneetutor » Mon, 17 Mar 2008 11:20:05 -0500

Does anyone know what is the difference between 'has eaten' and 'had eaten'?

Thank you!
Renée
reneetutor
 
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Re: has eaten vs. had eaten

Postby Sherm » Tue, 08 Apr 2008 11:48:15 -0500

"has eaten" describes a past action that was completed by the time an utterance is made.
Emily isn't hungry. She has already eaten.

Emily completed eating prior to the time that someone says that Emily isn't hungry.

"had eaten" refers to an action completed prior to some other event in the past.
Emily wasn't hungry. She had already eaten.

"Emily wasn't hungry" is in the past.
"She had already eaten" is in the past and prior to "Emily wasn't hungry."
Sherm
 
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